Planets of gates
FAQ - Knowledge Base zu Planets of Gates Hier findet ihr unsere FAQ. Planets of Gates. Gefällt 34 Mal. Nun da Planets-of-Gates zu neuem Glanz erstrahlt, darf eine facebook Seite nicht fehlen. Die PoG Seite Extra für euch. There is a ladder with seven gates and at its top an eighth gate. lazuli” The sequence of planets in Origen's passage is summarized in the fifth column in the .
Also, the special discount is available for one person accompanying the person with disabilities. And, for WEB tickets only, you can change the admission date and time earlier than 24 hours before the entrance time of the ticket.
Please use the Change Admission Date and Time feature to change the time to your convenient time. See here for changes to the admission time and date.
If I am unable to go to the venue due to emergency maintenance of the facilities, will the ticket I purchase be refunded? We may recall the tickets depending on the reason.
In the event of a recall, we will inform you of the recall in the following way. Please bookmark the QR ticket page that will be displayed. An error occurs when holding the QR ticket from the Ticket Store over the admission.
The QR code reader may not be able to read QR codes on cracked smartphone screens or folded paper. If this happens, please contact a nearby member of staff or the support desk next to the admission gate.
I bought multiple tickets at the Ticket Store, but have only received one QR ticket. One QR ticket will be issued for all tickets purchased at one time, regardless of the number of tickets.
When the QR ticket is held over the QR code reader at the admission gate, the number of guests to be admitted will be displayed.
The number of guests displayed on the admission gate will be allowed to enter, so pass through the gates in order with your group.
QR tickets can also be distributed. Please distribute the tickets in advance when entering the venue separately. See here for ways to distribute tickets.
QR tickets can be distributed using the following procedure. QR tickets that have been distributed can be returned through the following method.
Hold the distributed QR ticket over the QR reader at the admission gate to enter. If you are unable to check using the above methods, please contact us.
Check here for details. We do not support paying in installments with credit cards or Alipay. See here for details on credit card payment methods.
When is the payment for tickets purchased at the vending machine settled? Payment will be made when your ticket purchase process is complete.
Other than the ticket price, does the vending machine charge other fees, such as handling fee? No fees other than the ticket price will be charged.
Receipts can be issued. If you need a receipt, push the "Issue Receipt" button on the Confirm Purchase page when purchasing tickets on the vending machine.
Please note that receipts cannot be reissued, so do not forget to take your receipt. Each ticket and each ticket fare is set depending on the age.
We might ask you to present a justification of your age in some case, so please bring the following documents when coming to teamLab Planets TOKYO:.
Documents listed previously, for people with disabilities. Is there anything to pay attention to when in the entrance waiting queue?
If you must leave the queue please make sure that someone in your party stays behind. If you came alone and must leave the queue please notify a nearby member of our staff.
The plan, he says, is to capture emissions from clusters of major industries, such as refineries and steelworks in places like Teesside, to reduce the costs of transporting and storing it underground.
We need to get to net zero emissions before the sustainable CO 2 emissions are used up. The challenge is daunting.
That means balancing the amount of carbon released by humans with an equivalent amount sequestered or offset, or buying enough carbon credits to make up the difference.
But that will not be enough. Many countries, including the UK, assume that negative emissions will be deployed at a large scale. But only a handful of CCS and pilot negative-emission plants are running anywhere in the world, and debate still rages over which, if any, technologies should be employed.
The achilles heel of all negative emission technologies is cost. Storing the CO 2 permanently would cost extra.
Critics say that these technologies are unfeasible. Not using the fossil fuel and not producing the emissions in the first place would be much cleverer than having to find end-of-pipe solutions, say Professor Kevin Anderson , deputy director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, and Glen Peters , research director at the Centre for International Climate Research Cicero in Norway.
In a recent article in the journal Science , the two climate scientists said they were not opposed to research on negative emission technologies, but thought the world should proceed on the premise that they will not work at scale.
Instead, governments are relying on these technologies to remove hundreds of millions of tonnes of carbon from the atmosphere. These were regarded by many early cultures as divine, or as emissaries of deities.
As scientific knowledge advanced, human perception of the planets changed, incorporating a number of disparate objects. This definition is controversial because it excludes many objects of planetary mass based on where or what they orbit.
Although eight of the planetary bodies discovered before remain "planets" under the modern definition, some celestial bodies, such as Ceres , Pallas , Juno and Vesta each an object in the solar asteroid belt , and Pluto the first trans-Neptunian object discovered , that were once considered planets by the scientific community, are no longer viewed as such.
The planets were thought by Ptolemy to orbit Earth in deferent and epicycle motions. Although the idea that the planets orbited the Sun had been suggested many times, it was not until the 17th century that this view was supported by evidence from the first telescopic astronomical observations , performed by Galileo Galilei.
As observational tools improved, astronomers saw that, like Earth, each of the planets rotated around an axis tilted with respect to its orbital pole , and some shared such features as ice caps and seasons.
Since the dawn of the Space Age , close observation by space probes has found that Earth and the other planets share characteristics such as volcanism , hurricanes , tectonics , and even hydrology.
Planets are generally divided into two main types: There are eight planets in the Solar System. Six of the planets are orbited by one or more natural satellites.
Several thousands of planets around other stars " extrasolar planets " or "exoplanets" have been discovered in the Milky Way.
As of 1 January , 3, known extrasolar planets in 2, planetary systems including multiple planetary systems , ranging in size from just above the size of the Moon to gas giants about twice as large as Jupiter have been discovered, out of which more than planets are the same size as Earth , nine of which are at the same relative distance from their star as Earth from the Sun, i.
The idea of planets has evolved over its history, from the divine lights of antiquity to the earthly objects of the scientific age.
The concept has expanded to include worlds not only in the Solar System, but in hundreds of other extrasolar systems.
The ambiguities inherent in defining planets have led to much scientific controversy. The five classical planets , being visible to the naked eye, have been known since ancient times and have had a significant impact on mythology , religious cosmology , and ancient astronomy.
In ancient times, astronomers noted how certain lights moved across the sky, as opposed to the " fixed stars ", which maintained a constant relative position in the sky.
The reasons for this perception were that stars and planets appeared to revolve around Earth each day  and the apparently common-sense perceptions that Earth was solid and stable and that it was not moving but at rest.
The first civilization known to have a functional theory of the planets were the Babylonians , who lived in Mesopotamia in the first and second millennia BC.
The oldest surviving planetary astronomical text is the Babylonian Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa , a 7th-century BC copy of a list of observations of the motions of the planet Venus, that probably dates as early as the second millennium BC.
APIN is a pair of cuneiform tablets dating from the 7th century BC that lays out the motions of the Sun, Moon, and planets over the course of the year.
These would remain the only known planets until the invention of the telescope in early modern times. The ancient Greeks initially did not attach as much significance to the planets as the Babylonians.
The Pythagoreans , in the 6th and 5th centuries BC appear to have developed their own independent planetary theory, which consisted of the Earth, Sun, Moon, and planets revolving around a "Central Fire" at the center of the Universe.
Pythagoras or Parmenides is said to have been the first to identify the evening star Hesperos and morning star Phosphoros as one and the same Aphrodite , Greek corresponding to Latin Venus ,  though this had long been known by the Babylonians.
In the 3rd century BC, Aristarchus of Samos proposed a heliocentric system, according to which Earth and the planets revolved around the Sun.
The geocentric system remained dominant until the Scientific Revolution. By the 1st century BC, during the Hellenistic period , the Greeks had begun to develop their own mathematical schemes for predicting the positions of the planets.
These theories would reach their fullest expression in the Almagest written by Ptolemy in the 2nd century CE. Cicero , in his De Natura Deorum , enumerated the planets known during the 1st century BCE using the names for them in use at the time: He also believed that the orbits of planets are elliptical.
Most astronomers of the Kerala school who followed him accepted his planetary model. In the 11th century, the transit of Venus was observed by Avicenna , who established that Venus was, at least sometimes, below the Sun.
With the advent of the Scientific Revolution , use of the term "planet" changed from something that moved across the sky in relation to the star field ; to a body that orbited Earth or that was believed to do so at the time ; and by the 18th century to something that directly orbited the Sun when the heliocentric model of Copernicus , Galileo and Kepler gained sway.
Thus, Earth became included in the list of planets,  whereas the Sun and Moon were excluded. At first, when the first satellites of Jupiter and Saturn were discovered in the 17th century, the terms "planet" and "satellite" were used interchangeably — although the latter would gradually become more prevalent in the following century.
In the 19th century astronomers began to realize that recently discovered bodies that had been classified as planets for almost half a century such as Ceres , Pallas , Juno , and Vesta were very different from the traditional ones.
These bodies shared the same region of space between Mars and Jupiter the asteroid belt , and had a much smaller mass; as a result they were reclassified as " asteroids ".
In the absence of any formal definition, a "planet" came to be understood as any "large" body that orbited the Sun. Because there was a dramatic size gap between the asteroids and the planets, and the spate of new discoveries seemed to have ended after the discovery of Neptune in , there was no apparent need to have a formal definition.
In the 20th century, Pluto was discovered. After initial observations led to the belief that it was larger than Earth,  the object was immediately accepted as the ninth planet.
Further monitoring found the body was actually much smaller: Then, on October 6, , Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz of the Geneva Observatory announced the first definitive detection of an exoplanet orbiting an ordinary main-sequence star 51 Pegasi.
The discovery of extrasolar planets led to another ambiguity in defining a planet: Many known extrasolar planets are many times the mass of Jupiter, approaching that of stellar objects known as brown dwarfs.
Brown dwarfs are generally considered stars due to their ability to fuse deuterium , a heavier isotope of hydrogen.
Although objects more massive than 75 times that of Jupiter fuse hydrogen, objects of only 13 Jupiter masses can fuse deuterium.
Deuterium is quite rare, and most brown dwarfs would have ceased fusing deuterium long before their discovery, making them effectively indistinguishable from supermassive planets.
With the discovery during the latter half of the 20th century of more objects within the Solar System and large objects around other stars, disputes arose over what should constitute a planet.
There were particular disagreements over whether an object should be considered a planet if it was part of a distinct population such as a belt , or if it was large enough to generate energy by the thermonuclear fusion of deuterium.
A growing number of astronomers argued for Pluto to be declassified as a planet, because many similar objects approaching its size had been found in the same region of the Solar System the Kuiper belt during the s and early s.
Pluto was found to be just one small body in a population of thousands. Some of them, such as Quaoar , Sedna , and Eris , were heralded in the popular press as the tenth planet , failing to receive widespread scientific recognition.
Acknowledging the problem, the IAU set about creating the definition of planet , and produced one in August The number of planets dropped to the eight significantly larger bodies that had cleared their orbit Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune , and a new class of dwarf planets was created, initially containing three objects Ceres , Pluto and Eris.
There is no official definition of extrasolar planets. The positions statement incorporates the following guidelines, mostly focused upon the boundary between planets and brown dwarfs: This working definition has since been widely used by astronomers when publishing discoveries of exoplanets in academic journals.
It does not address the dispute over the lower mass limit,  and so it steered clear of the controversy regarding objects within the Solar System.
This definition also makes no comment on the planetary status of objects orbiting brown dwarfs, such as 2Mb. One definition of a sub-brown dwarf is a planet-mass object that formed through cloud collapse rather than accretion.
This formation distinction between a sub-brown dwarf and a planet is not universally agreed upon; astronomers are divided into two camps as whether to consider the formation process of a planet as part of its division in classification.
For example, a planet formed by accretion around a star may get ejected from the system to become free-floating, and likewise a sub-brown dwarf that formed on its own in a star cluster through cloud collapse may get captured into orbit around a star.
The 13 Jupiter-mass cutoff represents an average mass rather than a precise threshold value. Large objects will fuse most of their deuterium and smaller ones will fuse only a little, and the 13 M J value is somewhere in between.
Another criterion for separating planets and brown dwarfs, rather than deuterium fusion, formation process or location, is whether the core pressure is dominated by coulomb pressure or electron degeneracy pressure.
After much debate and one failed proposal, a large majority of those remaining at the meeting voted to pass a resolution.
The resolution defines planets within the Solar System as follows: A "planet"  is a celestial body that a is in orbit around the Sun, b has sufficient mass for its self-gravity to overcome rigid body forces so that it assumes a hydrostatic equilibrium nearly round shape, and c has cleared the neighbourhood around its orbit.
Under this definition, the Solar System is considered to have eight planets. Bodies that fulfill the first two conditions but not the third such as Ceres, Pluto, and Eris are classified as dwarf planets , provided they are not also natural satellites of other planets.
Originally an IAU committee had proposed a definition that would have included a much larger number of planets as it did not include c as a criterion.
This definition is based in theories of planetary formation, in which planetary embryos initially clear their orbital neighborhood of other smaller objects.
As described by astronomer Steven Soter: The IAU definition presents some challenges for exoplanets because the language is specific to the Solar System and because the criteria of roundness and orbital zone clearance are not presently observable.
Astronomer Jean-Luc Margot proposed a mathematical criterion that determines whether an object can clear its orbit during the lifetime of its host star, based on the mass of the planet, its semimajor axis, and the mass of its host star.
The table below lists Solar System bodies once considered to be planets. Ceres was subsequently classified as a dwarf planet in Beyond the scientific community, Pluto still holds cultural significance for many in the general public due to its historical classification as a planet from to The names for the planets in the Western world are derived from the naming practices of the Romans, which ultimately derive from those of the Greeks and the Babylonians.
In ancient Greece , the two great luminaries the Sun and the Moon were called Helios and Selene ; the farthest planet Saturn was called Phainon , the shiner; followed by Phaethon Jupiter , "bright"; the red planet Mars was known as Pyroeis , the "fiery"; the brightest Venus was known as Phosphoros , the light bringer; and the fleeting final planet Mercury was called Stilbon , the gleamer.
The Greeks also made each planet sacred to one among their pantheon of gods, the Olympians: The Babylonians named Phosphoros after their goddess of love, Ishtar ; Pyroeis after their god of war, Nergal , Stilbon after their god of wisdom Nabu , and Phaethon after their chief god, Marduk.
For instance, the Babylonian Nergal was a god of war, and thus the Greeks identified him with Ares. Unlike Ares, Nergal was also god of pestilence and the underworld.
Today, most people in the western world know the planets by names derived from the Olympian pantheon of gods.
Although modern Greeks still use their ancient names for the planets, other European languages, because of the influence of the Roman Empire and, later, the Catholic Church , use the Roman Latin names rather than the Greek ones.
The Romans, who, like the Greeks, were Indo-Europeans , shared with them a common pantheon under different names but lacked the rich narrative traditions that Greek poetic culture had given their gods.
During the later period of the Roman Republic , Roman writers borrowed much of the Greek narratives and applied them to their own pantheon, to the point where they became virtually indistinguishable.
Uranus is unique in that it is named for a Greek deity rather than his Roman counterpart. Some Romans , following a belief possibly originating in Mesopotamia but developed in Hellenistic Egypt , believed that the seven gods after whom the planets were named took hourly shifts in looking after affairs on Earth.
Because each day was named by the god that started it, this is also the order of the days of the week in the Roman calendar after the Nundinal cycle was rejected — and still preserved in many modern languages.
Earth is the only planet whose name in English is not derived from Greco-Roman mythology. Because it was only generally accepted as a planet in the 17th century,  there is no tradition of naming it after a god.
The same is true, in English at least, of the Sun and the Moon, though they are no longer generally considered planets. The name originates from the 8th century Anglo-Saxon word erda , which means ground or soil and was first used in writing as the name of the sphere of Earth perhaps around Many of the Romance languages retain the old Roman word terra or some variation of it that was used with the meaning of "dry land" as opposed to "sea".
Non-European cultures use other planetary-naming systems. China and the countries of eastern Asia historically subject to Chinese cultural influence such as Japan, Korea and Vietnam use a naming system based on the five Chinese elements: It is not known with certainty how planets are formed.
The prevailing theory is that they are formed during the collapse of a nebula into a thin disk of gas and dust.
A protostar forms at the core, surrounded by a rotating protoplanetary disk. Through accretion a process of sticky collision dust particles in the disk steadily accumulate mass to form ever-larger bodies.
Local concentrations of mass known as planetesimals form, and these accelerate the accretion process by drawing in additional material by their gravitational attraction.
These concentrations become ever denser until they collapse inward under gravity to form protoplanets. When the protostar has grown such that it ignites to form a star , the surviving disk is removed from the inside outward by photoevaporation , the solar wind , Poynting—Robertson drag and other effects.
Protoplanets that have avoided collisions may become natural satellites of planets through a process of gravitational capture, or remain in belts of other objects to become either dwarf planets or small bodies.
The energetic impacts of the smaller planetesimals as well as radioactive decay will heat up the growing planet, causing it to at least partially melt.
The interior of the planet begins to differentiate by mass, developing a denser core. With the discovery and observation of planetary systems around stars other than the Sun, it is becoming possible to elaborate, revise or even replace this account.
The level of metallicity —an astronomical term describing the abundance of chemical elements with an atomic number greater than 2 helium —is now thought to determine the likelihood that a star will have planets.
There are eight planets in the Solar System , which are in increasing distance from the Sun:. Jupiter is the largest, at Earth masses, whereas Mercury is the smallest, at 0.